Background: Endemic Burkitt lymphoma has been associated with the Epstein Barr Virus (EBV), particularly in malaria-endemic regions. Primary ovarian Burkitt is an infrequent entity of this disease, and its diagnosis still poses a challenge.
Summary: We present two cases. The first case is that of a 23-year-old female G1P1 who presented with a two-week history of abdominal pain and progressive distension. Her examination was remarkable for two pelvic masses and signs of ascites. An ultrasound scan showed bilateral solid adnexal masses, ascites, and mild splenomegaly. Tumor markers for ovarian and germ cell tumors were within the normal ranges. Cytology on ascitic fluid was negative for malignancy. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level and further imaging were not done due to financial constraints. With the working diagnosis of an ovarian epithelial malignancy versus drop metastases, she underwent exploratory laparotomy, total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, appendectomy, omentectomy, and debulking of peritoneal implants. Histopathology two weeks after surgery showed Burkitt lymphoma. The second case is that of a 12-year old female whose management averted surgery, following the recommendations made from our first case.
Conclusion: Lymphomas are amongst the most common tumors in the pediatric age group. Clinicians should maintain a high index of suspicion in the face of fast-growing tumors. Burkitt lymphomas respond well to chemotherapy, and surgery is seldom necessary except for life-threatening presentations. Management of oncologic cases that are not straightforward should follow a multidisciplinary approach.
Ovary, Burkitt lymphoma, Diagnosis