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The Health Effects of the Abuse of Ketamine

Addiction is defined as being a primary chronic disease of the brain reward, motivation, and memory in this complex circuitry. A dysfunction in this complex circuitry can lead to certain manifestations in an individual [1]. The individual who suffers from addiction does not have the ability to abstain from this harmful pursuit and, as a result,

The Dental and Oral Significance of Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome

Like many other healthcare professionals who have contributed so much to the healing arts and sciences, Dr. Jonathan Hutchinson was a keen and astute observer of the human condition. Dr. Hutchinson was a 19th century surgeon who practiced in London. Hutchinson also served as president of the Royal College of Surgeons [1].

Axiographic Plots: Interpretation and Diagnostic Interest

Axiography allows the three-dimensional study of condylar movements in the perspective of diagnosis of cranio-mandibular dysfunctions (CMD) and real adjustment of the semi-adaptable articulator. Conceived by Cammpion in 1902, Robert Lee was responsible for updating this principle of study.

Tinnitus and Its Role in Orthodontics

Tinnitus is the sensation of a noise in the ear or head when no apparent source for the noise is evident. Tinnitus may be either subjective (perceived only by the patient) or objective (perceived by an examiner also). Virtually 95 to 98% of tinnitus is subjective, and 65 to 98% of tinnitus is idiopathic [1]. 

Chronic Oral Mucosal Trauma and Oral Cancer: A Series of Cases

The dentist is often the first person who has the opportunity to detect mucosal alterations, such as ulcerations or white and red lesions in the oral cavity. Early diagnosis and proper management can prevent unfavorable outcomes in these patients. Indeed, chronic mucosal trauma resulting from sharp teeth and faulty restorations has

Does the Immediate Dental Implant Placement into Fresh Extraction Sockets Decrease the Marginal Bone Lose?

The insertion of dental implants immediately after teeth extractions has become a routine clinical procedure in implant dentistry. This treatment modality has received much attention and has shown favorable results [1-4]. Several studies have reported that successful osseointegration is possible when implants are inserted immediately

Commentary: Fostering Bias Mitigation and Compassionate Behavior in Dental and Other Healthcare Professional Students and Practitioners

Unconscious bias remains a poorly managed global problem [1-5]. For example, implicit bias alters perceptions concerning tooth restorability [4]. Dentists and other healthcare professionals harbor attitudes against various categories of people and treat them unfairly. This discrimination leads to inferior care outcomes owing to poorer

Esethetics in Orthodontics

Patients who choose to undergo orthodontic or surgical treatment do so for a variety of reasons but almost all want treatment to correct functional problems. If correction of the patient’s malocclusion has compromised aesthetic relationships, then patient unhappiness may follow, even if all functional goals are met. Patients obviously prefer

Oral Lesions in the COVID-19 Positive Individuals – An Update

The novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious acute respiratory disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARSCoV- 2). Studies have reported oral lesions in patients with COVID-19 such as ulcers or blisters or diffuse reddish lesions affecting both keratinized and non-keratinized

A Clinical Audit on the Follow-up Rate and Endodontic Outcome of Root Canal Therapy Performed by Dental Undergraduates

•  Clinicians need to understand the importance of clinical audit and take the necessary remedial actions to enhance their knowledge and skills to carry out clinical audit and improve the outcome.

• Clinicians also need to recognize the importance of follow-up and emphasize on it to improve the long-term

How Dental Service Organizations Strategically Navigated the Pandemic: Applauding a Successful Business Model

The dental community and broader economy have been shaken to the core since the month of March, 2020. Dr. Marko Vujicic [1] reported dentistry in the United States in the first quarter of 2020 enjoyed growth and was about to or fully recover from or had already overcome the downturn from the recession in 2007. Then, COVID-19 struck a

Backwards Screening for Gorlin-Goltz syndrome – Does It Make Sense? - A Family Case Report

The Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS), also referred as Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS) or Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (BCNS) was first described by Gorlin et al. in 1960 although it was known for decades before [1]. It is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by KeratoCystic Odontogenic Tumors (KCOT) in the jaws,

The Involvement of 18 kDa Translocator Protein (TSPO) in Cigarette Smoke-related Diseases: A Review

Cigarette smoke (CS) is a main risk factor for the development of various diseases, either via direct exposure of tissues to CS [1-3] or indirect exposure of remote organs to CS extracts (CSE) (Figure 1) [4-6]. The harmful impact is induced by exposure to the toxic CS substances, each cigarette contains approximately 7,000 chemicals. Out of

Photodynamic Therapy for the Prevention of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Dental Office: Could be Possible?

In January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) identified a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 in the Wuhan province of China, which has since caused a worldwide pandemic, with more than 21.2 million confirmed cases and over 760,200 confirmed deaths as of 14 August 2020. SARS-CoV-2 is a single-stranded RNA virus classified in

Dental Practice Covid-19 Infection Control Precautions

In the end of 2019, a large number of patients started suffering from a disease that includes symptoms which can be displayed as a severe pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome, in addition to multi organ dysfunction. These symptoms were detected in Wuhan, which is considered the capital city of Hubei province, with

Impact of Age on Prognostic Treatment Outcomes Among Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients: Evidence from Sri Lanka

Improving treatment outcomes for oral cancer patients is underpinned by their disease-free survival and overall survival while ensuring sufficient levels of quality of life [1,2]. There is research evidence to support surgical treatment with or without adjuvant radiotherapy is superior as compared to curative radiotherapy with or without

Respiratory Protection - Even in the Bigger Picture, it is Often the Smallest Details that Take Your Breath Away

It is surprising and even endearing in a way that we, as humans, live life looking ahead with hope, always believing in a better tomorrow, sometimes being oblivious to risks and dangers, often telling ourselves that bad things probably only happen to others and that the threats mentioned are in reality not as bad as they seem [1]. As health

The Role of Selected Habits, Periodontal Disease and Oral Hygiene Status on the Occurrence and Prognosis of Oral Mucosal Lesions

Patients with an array of benign oral mucosal diseases comprising fibro-epithelial polyps, lipomas and lichen planus commonly present to Oral & Maxillofacial units. While managing their specific conditions, it is important to assess for their risk habits such as betel chewing which is associated with a high burden of periodontal disease as

Scalable 3D Screen Printing Technology in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing - High Degree of Freedom in Terms of Drug Choice

Additive manufacturing has the potential to revolutionize the pharmaceutical industry, enabling the production of customized drugs for the mass market. However, concerns over scalability, low mechanical resistance, low printing resolution and limited material choices have so far hindered the practical application of current 3D printing (3DP)

Socio-demographic Determinants, Patterns, and Treatment Outcomes of Dental Trauma Patients Treated at a Restorative Dentistry Unit, National Dental Teaching Hospital (NDTH), Sri Lanka

Traumatic dental injury (TDI) impacts the teeth and/or other hard and soft tissues within and around the mouth and oral cavity region [1]. TDI are very common across the globe leading to 85% of patients having injuries in the oral region [2] which was revealed by a meta-analysis conducted in 2018 [3]. TDIs are frequently presented as serious