Commentary Open Access
Volume 2 | Issue 1 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.33696/Signaling.2.034

S1P Generation by Sphingosine Kinase-2 in Recruited Macrophages Resolves Lung Inflammation by Blocking STING Signaling in Alveolar Macrophages

  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Center for Lung and Vascular Biology, the University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
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Corresponding Author

Jagdish C Joshi, jcpharm@uic.edu

Received Date: October 05, 2020

Accepted Date: December 29, 2020


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the major cause of mortality among hospitalized acute lung injury (ALI) patients. Lung macrophages play an important role in maintaining the tissue-fluid homeostasis following injury. We recently showed that circulating monocytes recruited into the alveolar space suppressed the stimulator of type 1 interferon genes (STING) signaling in alveolar macrophages through sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). We used CD11b-DTR mice to deplete CD11b+ monocytes following LPS or Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. Depletion of CD11b+ monocytes leads to the persistent inflammatory injury, infiltration of neutrophils, activation of STING signaling and mortality following lung infection. We demonstrated that adoptively transferred SPHK2-CD11b+ monocytes into CD11b-DTR mice after pathogenic infection rescue lung inflammatory injury.


SPHK2, Lung injury, Macrophages, STING, ARDS

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