Mini Review Open Access
Volume 2 | Issue 3 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.33696/diabetes.1.021

Risks and Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Children and Young People with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

  • 1Diabetes Research Group, Swansea University Medical School, Swansea, UK
  • 2Paediatric Department, Southport and Ormskirk NHS Trust, Ormskirk, UK
  • 3Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
+ Affiliations - Affiliations

Corresponding Author

Associate Professor Sze May Ngc,may.ng@nhs.net


Received Date: July 18, 2020

Accepted Date: July 30, 2020


Diabetic retinopathy is a progressive ophthalmic microvascular complication of diabetes and is one of the commonest complications of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). The prevalence of diabetic eye disease varies within different population and age groups, and many risk factors are associated with the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy in T1D. This review discusses the current prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in children and young people (0-18 years) with T1D and the risk factors associated with the presence of diabetic eye disease in this population.


Type 1 diabetes, poor glycaemic control, high blood pressure

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