Since the early years, different civilizations have been affected by infectious diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, and, mainly, by viruses. Viruses from the beginning impacted socio-economic development, as well as leveraging different public health problems. Treatments with traditional methods, such as drugs and vaccines, are used to contain the spread of infectious diseases. However, these treatments are not enough. Thus, it is necessary to develop new therapeutic strategies, and the nanotechnology associated with medical devices stands out with great potential for diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of various infectious diseases. This review will present an overview based on nanotechnological concepts and applications with the main focus on viral infections.
Nanotechnology; Nanoparticles; Nanotechnological applications; Virus; Antiviral; COVID-19