Communication is the foundation of every relationship. How individuals perceive their connection with their mental healthcare provider significantly influences the success of their treatment relationship. Interviewing patients with Intellectual disability (ID) can be a challenge due to patient factors such as limited communication abilities and difficulty sustaining attention and concentration. Physician related factors that may pose a challenge include limited experience treating patients with ID resulting in a lack of confidence as well as managed care restrictions such as limited time. Recognizing these factors and gaining experience in treating these individuals are the best ways to overcome these challenges. When evaluating an individual with ID, it is essential to gather collateral information. If the patient gives consent, it is helpful to have someone such as a caregiver, family member, or other invested party present for the interview, as they are able to provide valuable, objective information. It is important to speak directly to the patient during the interview, even if they are nonverbal or if you are obtaining information from a third party during the interview.
Intellectual disability, Developmental disability, Interview techniques, Nonverbal patients