Ultrasounds in medicine find applications for different pathologies depending on the type of treatment and the type of investigation in which they are used. Their use in physiotherapy is frequent where the thermal-mechanical action brings particular benefits in osteo-articular pain, tendinitis, contractures, muscle injuries. The effectiveness of ultrasound therapy is based on a high frequency cellular and intercellular massage action; the irradiated tissues enter into vibration, with consequent energy expenditure and heat production, from which the healing effect derives. Ultrasounds therapy has an analgesic, antiphlogistic, fibrolytic, muscle relaxant and metabolic circulatory stimulation therapeutic action.
The best known application of ultrasounds in medicine is the echography, a non-invasive method that allows images to highlight the internal organs, evaluating the size, density, vascularization. More detailed investigations are obtained with contrast echography or echoendoscopy, invasive investigation very useful for the diagnosis of serious pathologies. Even in surgery, the echography is useful for performing a guided surgery or for performing biopsies using a syringe with a thin needle.
Ultrasounds, Echography, Ablative therapy, Extracorporeal lithotripsy