Background: Diabetes autoantibodies are indispensable markers of diabetes classification.
Objective: To research autoantibodies anti-GAD and anti-IA2 in type 1A diabetics (T1D) aged 5 to 21 years, and to follow the progression of these autoantibodies in T1D patients, in Côte d’Ivoire.
Methods: The study population composed of 28 T1D patients, aged 5 to 21 years. T1D were followed up in two diabetes care centers in Abidjan district, Endocrinology departments of U.H.C of Yopougon and Treichville. Anti-GAD and anti-IA2 autoantibodies were researched by ELISA.
Results: Anti-GAD and anti-IA2 were present in T1D. After 2 years of diabetes, the titer of the anti-GAD autoantibodies increased to the mean value of 677.10 ± 353.20 IU/ml. Then, a fall of the anti-GAD autoantibodies until the cancellation was observed from the 8th to the 9th with values of 117 IU/ml to 10.14 IU/ml. Anti-IA2 autoantibodies fall at 9th year of diabetes with a value of 55.10 IU/ml.
Conclusion: Anti-GAD and anti-IA2 autoantibodies persist after 9 years of diabetes, causing total destruction over time of the pancreatic β-cell mass in patients from Côte d’Ivoire, leading them to the death.
Diabetes autoantibodies, Type 1A diabetes, Côte d’Ivoire