Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an interstitial lung disease characterized by an accumulation of scar tissue within the lungs and the common presence of usual interstitial pneumonia. Unfortunately, only a few FDA-approved therapeutic options are currently available for the treatment of IPF and IPF remains associated with poor prognosis. Therefore, the identification of new pharmacological targets and strategies are critical for the treatment of IPF. This commentary aims to further discuss the role of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 2a and its downstream signaling in IPF. Finally, this commentary offers new insights and perspectives regarding the therapeutic potential of AAV-mediated SERCA2A gene therapy as an emerging therapy for respiratory diseases.
SERCA2a; Lung Fibrosis; AAV1; Gene Therapy