Exosomes are nanosized, organelle-like membranous vesicles secreted from various cell types, including normal cells and cancer cells. Exosomes contain abundant bioactive molecules, including nucleic acids, lipids, and proteins and dynamically participate in intercellular communications. By shuttling the functional molecules into the recipient cells, exosomes secreted by cancerous cells can alter the cellular environment to favor tumor growth and metastasis. In this review, we focus on exosomes to promote cancer progression via their various bioactive cargoes through different mechanisms/pathways. By recognizing these pathways, we can design efficient therapeutic strategies to control cancer progression.
Exosome, Cancer progression, microRNA, circRNA, lncRNA