Research Article Open Access
Volume 1 | Issue 1 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.33696/Proteomics.1.005

Ramifications of the Diverse mRNA Patterns in Acanthamoeba royreba

  • 1Microbial Monitoring, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
  • 2Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA, USA
  • 3Biology Department, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, USA
  • #These authors contributed equally to this work
+ Affiliations - Affiliations

Corresponding Author

Richard Tyndall, Richtyn29@gmail.com

Received Date: August 29, 2020

Accepted Date: November 26, 2020


Free-living amoebae are distributed worldwide and are found in a variety of environments. While most Acanthamoebae have been isolated from soil and water, A. royreba and A. culbertsoni were isolated from mammalian cell cultures. A. royreba’s isolation from malignant placental cell cultures, its ability to grow in mammalian cell culture media at 35oC, and containing a primitive centriole, prompted us to investigate the potential for mammalian information in A. royreba. While some soil amoeba contain small amounts of fungal and bacterial information, presumably from the microbes they phagocytosed, the informational content of A. royreba, in some instances, was very different with much of the mRNA being non-amoebic. Here we show that the proteins and mRNA content associated with A. royreba are extremely diverse and represent multiple Kingdoms, Orders, Phyla, and Genera from around the globe. The information in A. royreba, such as placental proteins from numerous mammals, the preponderance of non-amoebic mRNA, and its ability to tolerate harsh environments including Megarad irradiation leads to a discussion regarding the possible role of this amoebae as an immunological gatekeeper protecting fetal or malignant tissue from destruction and its potential as a vehicle for panspermia.

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